Energy Purchases, Sales and Losses
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Uganda operates a Single Bulk Supplier Model in Electricity Transmission. The Uganda Electricity Transmission Company Limited (UETCL) has a License for Bulk Power Supply, Import, and Export of Electricity as well as a System Operator. During the FY2019/20; UETCL purchased and sold 4,329.4 GWh and 4171.4 GWh respectively.
The energy purchases and sales in the FY 2019/20 increased but at a decreasing rate, recording an annual growth rate of 2% far below the 6% average annual growth rate observed since FY 2015/16. This drop in the growth rate is partly due to the market performance constraints imposed by the Covid-19 Pandemic. Download Detailed Statistics Here
Energy Mix and Points of Sale
The energy mix is computed as the proportion of transmission purchases from the different technology supplies. About 91% of the transmission purchases were from Hydro (Large Hydro=77%, Small Hydro=14%) with the other technologies combined constituting 9%. Overall, 98% of the energy supply was from Renewable energy sources including hydro, bagasse, and solar. UETCL sales were major to Umeme (91%), with the sales to the other local distribution companies constituting only 3% and exports 6%.
Uganda’s Energy Net Exports
Uganda exports electricity to Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). On the other hand, electricity imports are from Kenya and Rwanda. The electricity net export is computed as the difference between the electricity Uganda imports and exports to neighboring countries.
The country had a net electricity export of 221GWh during the FY2019/20 signifying 7% drop from the net exports recorded during the previous financial year. There is a year-on-year decrease in net exports over the period 2016/2020.
Transmission Energy Losses
Transmission Losses – are computed as the percentage of energy purchased but not sold. The transmission losses in the FY2019/2020 remained stagnant at 3.6%, a similar statistic observed in the FY 2018/19.